A novel principle of passive magnetic field shimming for permanent magnet assemblies is introduced, based on defined amounts of a ferrofluid suspension contained in a microliter volume plastic container that is accurately positioned within the magnet bore. The ferrofluid volume acts as a micromagnet that compensates inhomogeneities in the magnetic field profile. A proof of principle is shown for a permanent magnet assembly, derived from a Halbach design, with two additional movable rings of magnets. These rings result in an average magnetic field strength of 1.06 T inside the bore, 19 % higher than the Halbach alone. Two options for field shimming with ferrofluids are shown: changing the material volume or choosing a ferrofluid with different saturation magnetization value. With the tested simple single-cube ferrofluid implementation the field homogeneity is improved from 86 ppm to 8 ppm over a sampling length of 5.5 mm. Better homogeneity is expected with more sophisticated ferrofluid arrangements. The complete assembly has a size of 5 × 5 × 4.2 cm3 and a weight of 332 g. The demonstrated concept is particularly attractive for mobile magnetic resonance systems, as it does not require electrical power during operation.
|Journal||Journal of magnetism and magnetic materials|
|Early online date||18 Apr 2022|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2022|
- Halbach magnet
- Homogeneous magnetic field
- Permanent magnet