Ferromagnet/Superconductor Hybrid Magnonic Metamaterials

Igor A. Golovchanskiy*, Nikolay N. Abramov, Vasily S. Stolyarov, Pavel S. Dzhumaev, Olga V. Emelyanova, Alexander A. Golubov, Valery V. Ryazanov, Alexey V. Ustinov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
151 Downloads (Pure)


In this work, a class of metamaterials is proposed on the basis of ferromagnet/superconductor hybridization for applications in magnonics. These metamaterials comprise of a ferromagnetic magnon medium that is coupled inductively to a superconducting periodic microstructure. Spectroscopy of magnetization dynamics in such hybrid evidences formation of areas in the medium with alternating dispersions for spin wave propagation, which is the basic requirement for the development of metamaterials known as magnonic crystals. The spectrum allows for derivation of the impact of the superconducting structure on the dispersion: it takes place due to a diamagnetic response of superconductors on the external and stray magnetic fields. In addition, the spectrum displays a dependence on the superconducting critical state of the structure: the Meissner and the mixed states of a type II superconductor are distinguished. This dependence hints toward nonlinear response of hybrid metamaterials on the magnetic field. Investigation of the spin wave dispersion in hybrid metamaterials shows formation of allowed and forbidden bands for spin wave propagation. The band structures are governed by the geometry of spin wave propagation: in the backward volume geometry the band structure is conventional, while in the surface geometry the band structure is nonreciprocal and is formed by indirect band gaps.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900435
JournalAdvanced science
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2019


  • ferromagnetic resonance
  • magnonic crystals
  • spin waves
  • superconductivity


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