Fibromyalgia: increased reactivity of the muscle membrane and a role of central regulation

E.G. Klaver-Krol (Corresponding Author), Johannes J. Rasker, M. Klaver, Peter M. ten Klooster, M.J. Zwarts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by widespread muscle pain and central neural deregulation. Previous studies showed increased muscle fiber conduction velocity (CV) in non-painful muscles of FM patients. This study investigates the relationship between central activation and the CV in FM. Methods Twenty-two females with primary FM and 21 controls underwent surface electromyography of the non-painful biceps brachii. Mean CVs were calculated from the motor unit potential velocities (CV-MUPs), and the CV-MUPs’ statistical distributions were presented as histograms. The amount of muscle activity (average rectified voltage, ARV) was measured. Results The CV was higher in the FM-group than in the controls (P=0.021), with CV-MUPs generally shifted to higher values, indicative of increased muscle membrane propagation speeds. The largest increase in the CV of the FM-group occurred when adopting and maintaining a limb position at only 5% of maximum strength (P<0.001); the CV did not, as normal, increase with greater force. However, the ARV in both groups similarly increased with force. Conclusions In fibromyalgia patients, the muscle membrane propagation speed increases independently of the force load or amount of muscle activity produced. When adopting a limb position, the patients show an augmented muscle membrane reaction, suggesting deregulation from higher neural centers.
LanguageEnglish
Pages12-19
Number of pages8
JournalClinical neurophysiology
Volume130
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Fibromyalgia
Muscles
Membranes
Extremities
Statistical Distributions
Myalgia
Electromyography
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Hybride overig

Cite this

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title = "Fibromyalgia: increased reactivity of the muscle membrane and a role of central regulation",
abstract = "Objective Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by widespread muscle pain and central neural deregulation. Previous studies showed increased muscle fiber conduction velocity (CV) in non-painful muscles of FM patients. This study investigates the relationship between central activation and the CV in FM. Methods Twenty-two females with primary FM and 21 controls underwent surface electromyography of the non-painful biceps brachii. Mean CVs were calculated from the motor unit potential velocities (CV-MUPs), and the CV-MUPs’ statistical distributions were presented as histograms. The amount of muscle activity (average rectified voltage, ARV) was measured. Results The CV was higher in the FM-group than in the controls (P=0.021), with CV-MUPs generally shifted to higher values, indicative of increased muscle membrane propagation speeds. The largest increase in the CV of the FM-group occurred when adopting and maintaining a limb position at only 5{\%} of maximum strength (P<0.001); the CV did not, as normal, increase with greater force. However, the ARV in both groups similarly increased with force. Conclusions In fibromyalgia patients, the muscle membrane propagation speed increases independently of the force load or amount of muscle activity produced. When adopting a limb position, the patients show an augmented muscle membrane reaction, suggesting deregulation from higher neural centers.",
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Fibromyalgia: increased reactivity of the muscle membrane and a role of central regulation. / Klaver-Krol, E.G. (Corresponding Author); Rasker, Johannes J.; Klaver, M.; ten Klooster, Peter M.; Zwarts, M.J.

In: Clinical neurophysiology, Vol. 130, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 12-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Zwarts, M.J.

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N2 - Objective Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by widespread muscle pain and central neural deregulation. Previous studies showed increased muscle fiber conduction velocity (CV) in non-painful muscles of FM patients. This study investigates the relationship between central activation and the CV in FM. Methods Twenty-two females with primary FM and 21 controls underwent surface electromyography of the non-painful biceps brachii. Mean CVs were calculated from the motor unit potential velocities (CV-MUPs), and the CV-MUPs’ statistical distributions were presented as histograms. The amount of muscle activity (average rectified voltage, ARV) was measured. Results The CV was higher in the FM-group than in the controls (P=0.021), with CV-MUPs generally shifted to higher values, indicative of increased muscle membrane propagation speeds. The largest increase in the CV of the FM-group occurred when adopting and maintaining a limb position at only 5% of maximum strength (P<0.001); the CV did not, as normal, increase with greater force. However, the ARV in both groups similarly increased with force. Conclusions In fibromyalgia patients, the muscle membrane propagation speed increases independently of the force load or amount of muscle activity produced. When adopting a limb position, the patients show an augmented muscle membrane reaction, suggesting deregulation from higher neural centers.

AB - Objective Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by widespread muscle pain and central neural deregulation. Previous studies showed increased muscle fiber conduction velocity (CV) in non-painful muscles of FM patients. This study investigates the relationship between central activation and the CV in FM. Methods Twenty-two females with primary FM and 21 controls underwent surface electromyography of the non-painful biceps brachii. Mean CVs were calculated from the motor unit potential velocities (CV-MUPs), and the CV-MUPs’ statistical distributions were presented as histograms. The amount of muscle activity (average rectified voltage, ARV) was measured. Results The CV was higher in the FM-group than in the controls (P=0.021), with CV-MUPs generally shifted to higher values, indicative of increased muscle membrane propagation speeds. The largest increase in the CV of the FM-group occurred when adopting and maintaining a limb position at only 5% of maximum strength (P<0.001); the CV did not, as normal, increase with greater force. However, the ARV in both groups similarly increased with force. Conclusions In fibromyalgia patients, the muscle membrane propagation speed increases independently of the force load or amount of muscle activity produced. When adopting a limb position, the patients show an augmented muscle membrane reaction, suggesting deregulation from higher neural centers.

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