Field dependence of the critical current and its relation to the anisotropy of BSCCO conductors and coils

H.W. Weijers, Bernard ten Haken, Herman H.J. ten Kate, J. Schwartz

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The design of HTS magnets is often based on the properties of a number of short samples that are presumed to be representative of the conductor to be used. Variability in conductor properties and inhomogeneity in the magnetic field distribution within the magnets, coupled with conductor anisotropy, provide a significant challenge to accurately predict the field dependence of the magnet critical current. This work is based on measured superconducting properties of Bi-2212 and Bi-2223 conductors at 4.2 K in parallel and perpendicular magnetic fields up to 33 T. Properties of double pancake units and stacks, from the same or similar conductor batches, are presented, based on measurements at self-field and in applied co-axial background magnetic fields up to 19 T. Modeling of this data is based on short sample properties in perpendicular field; the average grain misalignment is used as the parameter to quantify the anisotropy. Correlations and discrepancies between the measured data and models based on short sample data are discussed for Bi-2212 and Bi-2223 conductors.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)2558-2561
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE transactions on applied superconductivity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2005


  • METIS-227889
  • IR-58989

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