Film-thickness and composition dependence of epitaxial thin-film PZT-based

Duc Minh Nguyen, Jan M. Dekkers, Hung Ngoc Vu, Augustinus J.H.M. Rijnders

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The transverse piezoelectric coefficient e31,f and mass-sensitivity were measured on piezoelectric cantilevers based on epitaxial PZT thin-films with film-thicknesses ranging from 100 to 2000 nm. The highest values of e31,f and mass-sensitivity were observed at a film thickness of 500–750 nm, while the observed remnant polarization Pr and longitudinal piezoelectric coefficient d33,f values become saturated with a film thickness of 750–1000 nm. To obtain high performance by making use of its optimal film thickness, PZT thin films with various Zr/Ti ratios from 20/80 to 80/20 were studied. The experimental results indicated that the ferroelectric property reached a highest remnant polarization Pr at a Zr/Ti ratio of 20/80, while the longitudinal piezoelectric coefficient d33,f increased with increasing Zr content and reaches a maximum at a Zr/Ti ratio of 52/48. The findings suggest that the optimal composition for mass-sensitivity and transverse piezoelectric coefficient e31,f was shifted to the tetragonal part of the phase diagram with the Zr/Ti ratios of 45/55 and 40/60, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-105
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and actuators. A: Physical
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • IR-86909
  • METIS-297084


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