Fingerprint segmentation based on hidden Markov models

S. Klein, A.M. Bazen, Raymond N.J. Veldhuis

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    Abstract

    An important step in fingerprint recognition is segmentation. During segmentation the fingerprint image is decomposed into foreground, background and low-quality regions. The foreground is used in the recognition process, the background is ignored. The low-quality regions may or may not be used, dependent on the recognition method. Pixel features of the gray-scale image form the basis of segmentation [3]. The feature vector of each pixel is classified, the class determining the region. Most of the known methods result in a fragmented segmentation, which is removed by means of post-processing. We solve the problem of fragmented segmentation by using a hidden Markov model (HMM) for the classification. The pixel features are modelled as the output of a hidden Markov process. The HMM makes sure that the classification is consistent with the neighbourhood. The performance of HMM-based segmentation highly depends on the choice of pixel features. This paper describes the systematic evaluation of a number of pixel features. HMM-based segmentation turns out to be less fragmented than direct classification. Quantitative measures also indicate improvement.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages310-318
    Number of pages9
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002
    Event13th Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing, ProRISC 2002 - Veldhoven, Netherlands
    Duration: 28 Nov 200229 Nov 2002
    Conference number: 13

    Workshop

    Workshop13th Workshop on Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing, ProRISC 2002
    CountryNetherlands
    CityVeldhoven
    Period28/11/0229/11/02

    Keywords

    • EWI-898
    • IR-66843
    • SCS-Safety

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