Finite element analysis of optical bistability in one-dimensional nonlinear photonic band gap structures with a defect

A. Suryanto, Embrecht W.C. van Groesen, Manfred Hammer

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    Abstract

    We present a new approach based on the recently reported finite element scheme16 to study the optical response of a finite one-dimensional nonlinear grating. Using the transmitted wave amplitude as a numerical input parameter, we are able to find all stable and unstable solutions related to a specific incident wave which build up the complete bistability curve. The method is applied to investigate the optical bistability in a nonlinear quarter-wave reflector with a defect. With a proper choice of the incident light frequency, a very low bistability threshold is predicted for an optimized defect structure.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)187-204
    Number of pages18
    JournalJournal of nonlinear optical physics & materials
    Volume12
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003

    Keywords

    • METIS-212890
    • EWI-13954
    • defect mode
    • transparent-influx boundary condition
    • IR-45674
    • optical bistability
    • Finite Element Method
    • 1D (defect) photonic band gap structure

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