Finite speed of sound effects on asymmetry in multibubble cavitation

Mandeep Saini, Youssef Saade, Daniel Fuster, Detlef Lohse

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Three-dimensional direct numerical simulations are used to revisit the experiments on multibubble cavitation performed by Bremond, Phys. Fluids 18, 121505 (2006)1070-663110.1063/1.2396922; Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 224501 (2006)0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.96.224501. In particular, we aim at understanding the asymmetry observed therein during the expansion and collapse of bubble clusters subjected to a pressure pulse. Our numerical simulations suggest that the asymmetry is due to the force applied by the imposed pressure pulse and it is a consequence of the finite effective speed of sound in the liquid. By comparing our numerical results to the experiments, we found that the effective speed of sound under the experimental conditions was smaller than that of degassed water due to microbubbles in the system which resulted from prior cavitation experiments in the same setup. The estimated values of the effective speed of sound are consistent with those derived from the classical theory of wave propagation in liquids with small amounts of gas. To support this theory, we also present evidence of tiny bubbles remaining in the liquid bulk as a result of the fragmentation of large bubbles during the prior cavitation experiments. Furthermore, we find that this asymmetry also alters the direction of the liquid jet generated during the last stages of bubble collapse.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043602
JournalPhysical review fluids
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2024


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