Focusing light through random photonic media by binary amplitude modulation

D. Akbulut, T.J. Huisman, E.G. van Putten, W.L. Vos, A.P. Mosk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

178 Citations (Scopus)
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We study the focusing of light through random photonic materials using wavefront shaping. We explore a novel approach namely binary amplitude modulation. To this end, the light incident to a random photonic medium is spatially divided into a number of segments. We identify the segments that give rise to fields that are out of phase with the total field at the intended focus and assign these a zero amplitude, whereas the remaining segments maintain their original amplitude. Using 812 independently controlled segments of light, we find the intensity at the target to be 75±6 times enhanced over the average intensity behind the sample. We experimentally demonstrate focusing of light through random photonic media using both an amplitude only mode liquid crystal spatial light modulator and a MEMS-based spatial light modulator. Our use of Micro Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS)-based digital micromirror devices for the control of the incident light field opens an avenue to high speed implementations of wavefront shaping.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4017-4029
Number of pages12
JournalOptics express
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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