We study, numerically and analytically, the forced transport of deformable containers through a narrow constriction. Our central aim is to quantify the competition between the constriction geometry and the active forcing, regulating whether and at which speed a container may pass through the constriction and under what conditions it gets stuck. We focus, in particular, on the interrelation between the force that propels the container and the radius of the channel, as these are the external variables that may be directly controlled in both artificial and physiological settings. We present lattice Boltzmann simulations that elucidate in detail the various phases of translocation and present simplified analytical models that treat two limiting types of these membrane containers: deformational energy dominated by the bending or stretching contribution. In either case we find excellent agreement with the full simulations, and our results reveal that not only the radius but also the length of the constriction determines whether or not the container will pass.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Physical review E: covering statistical, nonlinear, biological, and soft matter physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
Kusters, R., van der Heijden, T., Kaoui, B., Harting, J., & Storm, C. (2014). Forced transport of deformable containers through narrow constrictions. Physical review E: covering statistical, nonlinear, biological, and soft matter physics, 90, . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.90.033006