Forensic face recognition as a means to determine strength of evidence: A survey

C.G. Zeinstra (Corresponding Author), D. Meuwly, A.C.C. Ruifrok, R.N.J. Veldhuis, L.J. Spreeuwers

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)
    324 Downloads (Pure)


    This paper surveys the literature on forensic face recognition (FFR), with a particular focus on the strength of evidence as used in a court of law. FFR is the use of biometric face recognition for several applications in forensic science. It includes scenarios of ID verification and open-set identification, investigation and intelligence, and evaluation of the strength of evidence. We present FFR from operational, tactical, and strategic perspectives. We discuss criticism of FFR and we provide an overview of research efforts from multiple perspectives that relate to the domain of FFR. Finally, we sketch possible future directions for FFR.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)21-32
    Number of pages12
    JournalForensic Science Review
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


    • Facial biometrics
    • FISWG
    • Forensic Face Recognition (FFR) approaches
    • Forensics
    • 22/4 OA procedure


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