Formation and decay of a compressed phase of 4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylic acid on Cu(001)

Daniel Schwarz, Raoul van Gastel, Henricus J.W. Zandvliet, Bene Poelsema

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The molecular arrangement of 4,4′-biphenyldicarboxylic acid (BDA) on Cu(001) has been studied at high coverage and relatively high temperature (∼400 K) using Low Energy Electron Microscopy, LEEM, and selected area diffraction, μLEED. Next to the previously reported c(8 × 8) structure, we also observe a compressed phase with a Image ID:c3cp00049d-t1.gif superstructure in matrix notation. All four equivalent (rotational and mirror) domains are equally populated. Both the c(8 × 8) and the compressed phase are confined to the first layer and the latter has a 14% higher density compared to the c(8 × 8) phase. Remarkably, this compressed phase is stable only during deposition and decays after interruption of the deposition. Apparently, the density of physisorbed admolecules on top of the c(8 × 8) layer has to be above a relevant threshold to allow the formation of the compressed phase.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5007-5016
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical chemistry chemical physics
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2013


  • METIS-295658
  • IR-89907

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