Formation of Flat-on Lamellar Crystals in Absence of Nanoconfinement

Liangyong Chu*, Wouter J.B. Grouve, Martin van Drongelen, Erik G. de Vries, Remko Akkerman, Matthijn B. de Rooij

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Flat-on lamellar crystals are crucial for gas-barrier polymer films. The formation of this lamellar crystalline structure with chains perpendicular to the substrate is currently understood as the result of confined crystallization, e.g., in block copolymers and ultrathin polymer films. In this paper, it is demonstrated that these flat-on lamellar crystals of various thermoplastic polymers may form on stainless steel and silicon wafer surfaces without the presence of confined crystallization. Atomic force microscopy, high-resolution scanning electron microscopy, and polarized light hot-stage microscopy are used to characterize the formation of the lamellar crystals. Further results show that the surface physicochemical properties of the substrates strongly influence the formation of these lamellar crystals. A hypothesis, based on the heterogeneous crystallization theory, is proposed to explain the formation of such flat-on lamellar crystals. These results are crucial for a fundamental understanding of the formation of lamellar crystals and may provide a new approach to fabricate such structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2001894
JournalAdvanced materials interfaces
Issue number7
Early online date22 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2021


  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • heterogeneous crystallization
  • lamellar crystals
  • lattice matching
  • trans-crystalline structures
  • atomic force microscopy
  • trans&#8208
  • crystalline structures

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