Formation of Si/SiC multilayers by low-energy ion implantation and thermal annealing

S. Dobrovolskiy, Andrey Yakshin, F.D. Tichelaar, J. Verhoeven, Eric Louis, Frederik Bijkerk

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Si/SiC multilayer systems for XUV reflection optics with a periodicity of 10–20 nm were produced by sequential deposition of Si and implantation of 1 keV View the MathML source ions. Only about 3% of the implanted carbon was transferred into the SiC, with a thin, 0.5–1 nm, buried SiC layer being formed. We investigated the effect of thermal annealing on further completion of the carbide layer. For the annealing we used a vacuum furnace, a rapid thermal annealing system in argon atmosphere, and a scanning e-beam, for different temperatures, heating rates, and annealing durations. Annealing to a temperature as low as 600 °C resulted in the formation of a 4.5 nm smooth, amorphous carbide layer in the carbon-implanted region. However, annealing at a higher temperature, 1000 °C, lead to the formation of a rough poly-crystalline carbide layer. The multilayers were characterized by grazing incidence X-ray reflectometry and cross section TEM.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-567
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear instruments and methods in physics research. Section B : Beam interactions with materials and atoms
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • IR-72907
  • METIS-270619


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