Fouling behavior of silica nanoparticle-surfactant mixtures during constant flux dead-end ultrafiltration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The increasing use of engineered nanoparticles in customer products results in their accumulation in water sources. In this experimental study, we investigated the role of surfactant type (cationic, anionic and non-ionic) and concentration on fouling development, nanoparticle rejection and fouling irreversibility during dead-end ultrafiltration of model silica nanoparticles. Our work demonstrates that the type of surfactant influences the nanoparticle stability, which in turn is responsible for differences in fouling behavior of the nanoparticles. Moreover, the surfactant itself interacts with the PES-PVP membrane and contributes to the fouling as well. We have shown that anionic SDS (sodium dodecylsulfate) does not interact extensively with the negatively charged silica nanoparticles and does not change significantly the surface charge and size of these nanoparticles. Adsorption of the cationic CTAB (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) onto the silica nanoparticles causes charge transition and nanoparticle aggregation, whereas non-ionic TX-100 (Triton X-100) neutralizes the surface charge of the nanoparticles but does not change significantly the nanoparticle size. The most severe fouling development was observed for the silica nanoparticle – TX-100 system, where nanoparticles in the filtration cake formed exhibited the lowest repulsive interactions. Rejection of the nanoparticles was also highest for the mixture containing silica nanoparticles and TX-100.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)308-318
JournalJournal of colloid and interface science
Volume506
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2017

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Ultrafiltration
Fouling
Surface-Active Agents
Silicon Dioxide
Surface active agents
Silica
Fluxes
Nanoparticles
Octoxynol
Surface charge

Cite this

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title = "Fouling behavior of silica nanoparticle-surfactant mixtures during constant flux dead-end ultrafiltration",
abstract = "The increasing use of engineered nanoparticles in customer products results in their accumulation in water sources. In this experimental study, we investigated the role of surfactant type (cationic, anionic and non-ionic) and concentration on fouling development, nanoparticle rejection and fouling irreversibility during dead-end ultrafiltration of model silica nanoparticles. Our work demonstrates that the type of surfactant influences the nanoparticle stability, which in turn is responsible for differences in fouling behavior of the nanoparticles. Moreover, the surfactant itself interacts with the PES-PVP membrane and contributes to the fouling as well. We have shown that anionic SDS (sodium dodecylsulfate) does not interact extensively with the negatively charged silica nanoparticles and does not change significantly the surface charge and size of these nanoparticles. Adsorption of the cationic CTAB (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) onto the silica nanoparticles causes charge transition and nanoparticle aggregation, whereas non-ionic TX-100 (Triton X-100) neutralizes the surface charge of the nanoparticles but does not change significantly the nanoparticle size. The most severe fouling development was observed for the silica nanoparticle – TX-100 system, where nanoparticles in the filtration cake formed exhibited the lowest repulsive interactions. Rejection of the nanoparticles was also highest for the mixture containing silica nanoparticles and TX-100.",
author = "Krzystof Trzaskus and Lee, {Sooi Li} and {de Vos}, {Wiebe Matthijs} and Kemperman, {Antonius J.B.} and Kitty Nijmeijer",
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language = "English",
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Fouling behavior of silica nanoparticle-surfactant mixtures during constant flux dead-end ultrafiltration. / Trzaskus, Krzystof; Lee, Sooi Li; de Vos, Wiebe Matthijs; Kemperman, Antonius J.B.; Nijmeijer, Kitty.

In: Journal of colloid and interface science, Vol. 506, 15.11.2017, p. 308-318.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - The increasing use of engineered nanoparticles in customer products results in their accumulation in water sources. In this experimental study, we investigated the role of surfactant type (cationic, anionic and non-ionic) and concentration on fouling development, nanoparticle rejection and fouling irreversibility during dead-end ultrafiltration of model silica nanoparticles. Our work demonstrates that the type of surfactant influences the nanoparticle stability, which in turn is responsible for differences in fouling behavior of the nanoparticles. Moreover, the surfactant itself interacts with the PES-PVP membrane and contributes to the fouling as well. We have shown that anionic SDS (sodium dodecylsulfate) does not interact extensively with the negatively charged silica nanoparticles and does not change significantly the surface charge and size of these nanoparticles. Adsorption of the cationic CTAB (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) onto the silica nanoparticles causes charge transition and nanoparticle aggregation, whereas non-ionic TX-100 (Triton X-100) neutralizes the surface charge of the nanoparticles but does not change significantly the nanoparticle size. The most severe fouling development was observed for the silica nanoparticle – TX-100 system, where nanoparticles in the filtration cake formed exhibited the lowest repulsive interactions. Rejection of the nanoparticles was also highest for the mixture containing silica nanoparticles and TX-100.

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