Four stages in designing educational hypermedia

Piet Kommers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    The design of educational hypermedia is often seen as a process of gradually progressing from content into interaction design. In the final shaping of the hyperlinks, menus and orientation pages, too many decisions are normally made at the same time. This article presents a four-stage design process that gives more attention to the conceptual and metaphoric aspects to be covered. Schematic representations are proposed as the main devices to validate design steps. A repertoire of concept mapping tools is discussed. The full sequence of conceptual, metaphoric, structural and navigational design is finally integrated as a scaffolding method for project teams in hypermedia developing projects. The conceptual exploration method was applied and evaluated in the 1977 Summer School of Nova University at Lauderdale, Florida.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)142-166
    Number of pages23
    JournalInternational journal of continuing engineering education and life-long learning
    Issue number1-4
    Publication statusPublished - 2000


    • Conceptual design
    • Metaphoric design
    • Hypermedia
    • Navigation

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