Fourier Descriptor Loss and Polar Coordinate Transformation for Pericardium Segmentation

Lu Liu*, Christoph Brune, Raymond Veldhuis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) located inside the pericardium is a marker for increased risk of many cardiovascular diseases. Automatic segmentation methods for pericardium or EAT are necessary to support the otherwise extremely time-consuming manual delineation in CT scans. Powerful deep learning-based methods have been applied to such segmentation tasks. However, existing methods primarily rely on region-based or distribution-based loss functions, such as Dice loss or cross-entropy loss. Unfortunately, these approaches overlook the informative anatomical priors, such as the shape of the pericardium. In light of this, our work introduces an innovative approach by proposing and comparing a shape-based loss that leverages anatomical priors derived from Fourier descriptors. By incorporating the anatomical prior, we aim to enhance the accuracy and effectiveness of pericardium or EAT segmentation. The Fourier descriptor loss can be used individually or as a regularizer with region-based losses such as the Dice loss for higher accuracy and faster convergence. As a regularizer, the proposed loss obtains the highest mean intersection of union (96.76%), Dice similarity coefficient (98.20%), and sensitivity (98.55%) outperforming the Dice and cross-entropy loss. We show the effect of the Fourier descriptor loss with fewer and weighted descriptors. The results show the efficiency and flexibility of the Fourier descriptor loss and its potential for segmenting shapes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputer Analysis of Images and Patterns
Subtitle of host publication20th International Conference, CAIP 2023, Limassol, Cyprus, September 25–28, 2023, Proceedings
EditorsNicolas Tsapatsoulis, Efthyvoulos Kyriacou, Andreas Lanitis, Zenonas Theodosiou, Marios Pattichis, Constantinos Pattichis, Christos Kyrkou, Andreas Panayides
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-44240-7
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-44239-1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event20th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns, CAIP 2023 - Limassol, Cyprus
Duration: 25 Sept 202328 Sept 2023
Conference number: 20

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference20th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns, CAIP 2023
Abbreviated titleCAIP 2023


  • Fourier descriptors
  • Pericardium segmentation
  • Segmentation neural networks
  • Shape-based loss functions
  • 2023 OA procedure


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