Framework for the Life Cycle Assessment of non-permanent process units in volatile chemical recycling process chains

Johanna Hagen*, Selin Erkisi-Arici, Patrick De Wit, Felipe Cerdas, Christoph Herrmann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

To handle the rising amount of plastic waste in the environment, new technologies are necessary to recover the value of this resource. Chemical recycling is one option to treat mixed and multi-layer plastic waste streams. Emerging technologies works e.g. with pyrolysis (via thermal or catalytic cracking) of the plastic waste streams and results in multi-material output streams. Membranes are a widely adopted and a relevant technology for bulk separations, within chemical recycling operations. Based on a different separation principle, they need less thermal energy than e.g. distillation columns. However, when it comes to their contribution to the environmental impact of the whole process chain, membranes need special attention. Compared to installed process units, such as pyrolysis and catalytic upgrading reactors, membranes have a shortened life time (non-permanent) compared to the whole process chain and need extra treatments to avoid fouling and maintain their efficiency. These points make it challenging to integrate a LCA model representing membranes within the whole LCA process model. In this paper a framework for the LCA of membranes will be presented regarding their impact in a chemical recycling process and how a shortened life time model can be integrated into a longer life LCA process model with focus on the handling of the different time scales.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
JournalProcedia CIRP
Volume98
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event28th CIRP Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, LCE 2021 - Online conference, Jaipur, India
Duration: 10 Mar 202112 Mar 2021
Conference number: 28
https://lce2021.in/

Keywords

  • chemical plastic recycling
  • LCA
  • membrane separation

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