Friction modifiers effects on tribological behaviour of bainitic rail steels

Maha Messaadi*, Matthijs Oomen, Ankit Kumar

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    14 Citations (Scopus)
    25 Downloads (Pure)


    Bainitic steels are gaining popularity for application in the railway switches and crossing, thanks to their better rolling contact fatigue (RCF) and wear resistance. The rail degradation caused by RCF and wear could be also reduced by the use of friction modifiers (FM) through their ability to reduce the lateral load during wheel passage. This paper presents the microstructure and the mechanical properties of newly designed bainitic steel grades; B1400 + and Cr–B potential candidates for switches and turnouts railroad industry. It investigates their friction and wear performances using the HOrizontal twin DIsk Machine. The tribological behavior is evaluated under dry and lubricated conditions in combination with three commercial friction modifiers. Results show a better wear resistance of Cr–B steel in case of abrasive mechanism that dominates the dry experiments. This work defines the efficiency of FM as a low and stable friction coefficient concomitant to a low wear rate. It appears that a good tribological performance is untimely linked to the chemical composition of the friction modifier. In case of lubricated contact, cross-sectioning of wear scare confirms the generation of an interfacial layers. These layers have an impact on the wear mechanism and debris detachment susceptibilities of bainitic steels.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number105857
    JournalTribology international
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019


    • Friction kinetics
    • Friction modifier
    • Interfacial layer
    • Rail grades
    • Wear mechanisms
    • n/a OA procedure


    Dive into the research topics of 'Friction modifiers effects on tribological behaviour of bainitic rail steels'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this