This contribution describes the development and the forensic use of automated fingerprint identification systems (AFISs). AFISs were initially developed in order to overcome the limitations of the paper-based fingerprint collections, by digitizing the ten-print cards in computerized databases and to translate the manual pattern classification into computer-friendly codes. Then, technologies to automate the fingerprint feature extraction and comparison were developed, and AFISs were implemented on a large scale in order to improve the process of identification of repetitive offenders based on the ten-print cards. Further development of the fingerprint biometric technology allowed for the inclusion of palmprint reference databases and for the processing of fingermarks and palmmarks with, as a result, the partial automation of the forensic investigation and intelligence process.
In the field of AFIS, the challenges for the future call for further automation of the feature extraction from low-quality fingerprint and fingermark images, for more transparency in the processes, for the improvement of the interoperability of the systems on a global level and the combination of biometric modalities as well as for the use of fingerprint biometric technology and scientific methodology, to further develop the forensic friction ridge evaluation process.
|Title of host publication||Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science|
|Place of Publication||Chichester, UK|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|Publisher||John Wiley & Sons Ltd|
- Forensic Science