Friction ridge skin - Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS)

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    This contribution describes the development and the forensic use of automated fingerprint identification systems (AFISs). AFISs were initially developed in order to overcome the limitations of the paper-based fingerprint collections, by digitizing the ten-print cards in computerized databases and to translate the manual pattern classification into computer-friendly codes. Then, technologies to automate the fingerprint feature extraction and comparison were developed, and AFISs were implemented on a large scale in order to improve the process of identification of repetitive offenders based on the ten-print cards. Further development of the fingerprint biometric technology allowed for the inclusion of palmprint reference databases and for the processing of fingermarks and palmmarks with, as a result, the partial automation of the forensic investigation and intelligence process. In the field of AFIS, the challenges for the future call for further automation of the feature extraction from low-quality fingerprint and fingermark images, for more transparency in the processes, for the improvement of the interoperability of the systems on a global level and the combination of biometric modalities as well as for the use of fingerprint biometric technology and scientific methodology, to further develop the forensic friction ridge evaluation process.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationWiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science
    Place of PublicationChichester, UK
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Print)978-0-47006-158-9
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Publication series

    PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd


    • SCS-Safety
    • EWI-25370
    • METIS-309692
    • IR-93346
    • Forensic Science

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