Frontiers of Medical Robotics: From Concept to Systems to Clinical Translation

Jocelyne Troccaz, Giulio Dagnino, Guang-Zhong Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

95 Citations (Scopus)


Medical robotics is poised to transform all aspects of medicine—from surgical intervention to targeted therapy, rehabilitation, and hospital automation. A key area is the development of robots for minimally invasive interventions. This review provides a detailed analysis of the evolution of interventional robots and discusses how the integration of imaging, sensing, and robotics can influence the patient care pathway toward precision intervention and patient-specific treatment. It outlines how closer coupling of perception, decision, and action can lead to enhanced dexterity, greater precision, and reduced invasiveness. It provides a critical analysis of some of the key interventional robot platforms developed over the years and their relative merit and intrinsic limitations. The review also presents a future outlook for robotic interventions and emerging trends in making them easier to use, lightweight, ergonomic, and intelligent, and thus smarter, safer, and more accessible for clinical use.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-218
JournalAnnual review of biomedical engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • medical robotics
  • surgical robots
  • minimally invasive surgery
  • MIS
  • computer-assisted medical intervention
  • human-robot interaction
  • clinical translation


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