The magnetic and electrical properties of superconductors were a challenge for many inventors and designers to use superconducting materials in the construction of fully superconducting voltage and current sources commonly called fluxpumps. In the past twenty years a large variety of mechanically or electrically driven devices have been proposed and successfully operated. In this review the basic principle of operation of each class of devices is shown and specific material problems and limitations are reported. The review will be published in two parts. Part 1 deals with mechanical devices such as flux compressors and dynamos. Although those devices must have been of great importance for technical application, their construction and operation offered great experience with regard to the properties of superconducting materials, their joint techniques switching and mechanical and magnetic stability under ac and dc conditions. In this part also a start is made with the more promising class of electrically driven rectifier fluxpumps. With these rectifiers, current levels over 10 kA can be obtained with high efficiency.
van de Klundert, L. J. M., & ten Kate, H. H. J. (1981). Fully superconducting rectifiers and fluxpumps Part 1: Realized methods for pumping flux. Cryogenics, 21(4), 195-206. https://doi.org/10.1016/0011-2275(81)90195-8