An innovative strategy for functional finishing of cotton involves application of stimuli-responsive surface modifying system based on temperature- and pH-responsive poly-NiPAAm/chitosan microgel. The stimuli-responsiveness implied to cotton is the consequence of swelling/collapse of the microgel particles incorporated to the fibre surface, which produces an active liquid management system. The performance of functionalized cotton fabric in terms of liquid management properties was assessed by choosing appropriate techniques (water uptake; thin-layer wicking; water retention capacity; and drying capability) and discussion of the results was based on the types of water that are expected to be present in hydrated cotton and stimuli-responsive microgel.
Krizman Lavric, P., Tomsic, B., Simoncic, B., Warmoeskerken, M., & Jocic, D. (2012). Functionalization of cotton with poly-NiPAAm/chitosan microgel: Part II. Stimuli-responsive liquid management properties. Cellulose, 19(1), 273-287. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-011-9635-7