Fusion of UAV-based infrared and visible images for thermal leakage map generation of building facades

Soroush Motayyeb, Farhad Samadzedegan, F. Dadrass Javan*, Hamidreza Hosseinpour

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
45 Downloads (Pure)


To make the best use of available energy resources and reduce costs, improving the energy efficiency of buildings has become a critical issue for the construction industry. Today, developing a three-dimensional model of the energy consumption rates in buildings based on thermal infrared images is essential to visualize, identify and increase energy efficiency. The purpose of this study is to suggest a methodology for generating a thermal leakage map of building facades utilizing the fusion of thermal infrared and visible images captured by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). In general, the proposed method involves three basic steps: the generation of thermal infrared and visible dense point clouds from the building's facade using Structure from Motion (SfM) and Multi-View Stereo (MVS) algorithms; the fusion of visible and thermal infrared dense point clouds using the Iterative Closest Point (ICP) algorithm to overcome thermal infrared point cloud constraints; the use of edge extraction and region-based segmentation methods to determine the location of the thermal leakage of building facade's. To that end, two datasets obtained for separate building facades are used to assess the proposed strategy. The results of the data analyses for the extraction of the desired components and determination of thermal leakage locations on the building facets provided a Precision and Recall score of 87 and 90% for the first dataset and 87 and 88 for the second dataset. Examining the outcomes of calculating thermal leakage zones indicates improving Precision and Recall.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere14551
Number of pages23
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2023


  • Fusion
  • Improving energy efficiency
  • Point cloud
  • Regioin-based segmentation
  • Thermal leakage
  • UAV
  • UT-Gold-D


Dive into the research topics of 'Fusion of UAV-based infrared and visible images for thermal leakage map generation of building facades'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this