Abstract

The iCat is a user-interface robot with the ability to express a range of emotions through its facial features. This paper summarizes our research whether we can increase the believability and likability of the iCat for its human partners through the application of gaze behaviour. Gaze behaviour serves several functions during social interaction such as mediating conversation flow, communicating emotional information and avoiding distraction by restricting visual input. There are several types of eye and head movements that are necessary for realizing these functions. We designed and evaluated a gaze behaviour system for the iCat robot that implements realistic models of the major types of eye and head movements found in living beings: vergence, vestibulo ocular reflexive, smooth pursuit movements and gaze shifts. We discuss how these models are integrated into the software environment of the iCat and can be used to create complex interaction scenarios. We report about some preliminary user tests and draw conclusions for future evaluation scenarios.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationProceedings Sixth Workshop on Social Intelligence Design
EditorsAntinus Nijholt, O. Stock, T. Nishida
Place of PublicationEnschede
PublisherCentre for Telematics and Information Technology (CTIT)
Pages109-124
Number of pages16
StatePublished - 25 Jun 2007

Publication series

NameCTIT Workshop Proceedings Series
PublisherCentre for Telematics and Information Technology University of Twente
Number06472
VolumeWP07-02
ISSN (Print)1574-0846
ISSN (Electronic)0929-0672

Fingerprint

Robots
User interfaces

Keywords

  • iCat
  • EWI-10260
  • HMI-MI: MULTIMODAL INTERACTIONS
  • Social gaze behaviour
  • IR-64113
  • Believability
  • User-interface robot
  • METIS-241670

Cite this

Poel, M., Heylen, D. K. J., & Meulemans, M. (2007). Gaze Behavior, Believability, Likability and the iCat. In A. Nijholt, O. Stock, & T. Nishida (Eds.), Proceedings Sixth Workshop on Social Intelligence Design (pp. 109-124). (CTIT Workshop Proceedings Series; Vol. WP07-02, No. 06472). Enschede: Centre for Telematics and Information Technology (CTIT).

Poel, Mannes; Heylen, Dirk K.J.; Meulemans, M. / Gaze Behavior, Believability, Likability and the iCat.

Proceedings Sixth Workshop on Social Intelligence Design. ed. / Antinus Nijholt; O. Stock; T. Nishida. Enschede : Centre for Telematics and Information Technology (CTIT), 2007. p. 109-124 (CTIT Workshop Proceedings Series; Vol. WP07-02, No. 06472).

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewConference contribution

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abstract = "The iCat is a user-interface robot with the ability to express a range of emotions through its facial features. This paper summarizes our research whether we can increase the believability and likability of the iCat for its human partners through the application of gaze behaviour. Gaze behaviour serves several functions during social interaction such as mediating conversation flow, communicating emotional information and avoiding distraction by restricting visual input. There are several types of eye and head movements that are necessary for realizing these functions. We designed and evaluated a gaze behaviour system for the iCat robot that implements realistic models of the major types of eye and head movements found in living beings: vergence, vestibulo ocular reflexive, smooth pursuit movements and gaze shifts. We discuss how these models are integrated into the software environment of the iCat and can be used to create complex interaction scenarios. We report about some preliminary user tests and draw conclusions for future evaluation scenarios.",
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Poel, M, Heylen, DKJ & Meulemans, M 2007, Gaze Behavior, Believability, Likability and the iCat. in A Nijholt, O Stock & T Nishida (eds), Proceedings Sixth Workshop on Social Intelligence Design. CTIT Workshop Proceedings Series, no. 06472, vol. WP07-02, Centre for Telematics and Information Technology (CTIT), Enschede, pp. 109-124.

Gaze Behavior, Believability, Likability and the iCat. / Poel, Mannes; Heylen, Dirk K.J.; Meulemans, M.

Proceedings Sixth Workshop on Social Intelligence Design. ed. / Antinus Nijholt; O. Stock; T. Nishida. Enschede : Centre for Telematics and Information Technology (CTIT), 2007. p. 109-124 (CTIT Workshop Proceedings Series; Vol. WP07-02, No. 06472).

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewConference contribution

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Poel M, Heylen DKJ, Meulemans M. Gaze Behavior, Believability, Likability and the iCat. In Nijholt A, Stock O, Nishida T, editors, Proceedings Sixth Workshop on Social Intelligence Design. Enschede: Centre for Telematics and Information Technology (CTIT). 2007. p. 109-124. (CTIT Workshop Proceedings Series; 06472).