Generation of a national landslide hazard and risk map for the country of Georgia

G. Gaprindashvili, C.J. van Westen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)
51 Downloads (Pure)


Landslide risk assessment for large areas at a country level requires a different approach and data than what is standard practice at large scales. The main goal of this research was to design a methodology for a nationwide landslide risk assessment for Georgia taking into account the limitations in data availability and detail, which do not allow the use of physically based models or statistical methods. Given these limitations, we decided to generate a qualitative landslide risk index using spatial multicriteria evaluation (SMCE). An attempt was made to compile a national landslide inventory, using old and partly destroyed archives from the Soviet period, combined with information from annual field surveys. A web-based interface for the reporting of landslide events was developed to improve the updating of the inventory in future. Relevant factor maps were prepared for the entire country, partly based on remote sensing data. As the available landslide inventory was not sufficient to use statistical methods, the factor maps were weighted using the expert-based SMCE method, and the resulting susceptibility map was validated using the available landslide inventory. The inventory was also used to make an estimation of the spatial probability of landslide occurrence within the various susceptibility classes. The resulting map was used in combination with element-at-risk maps to calculate exposure maps and to make a tentative assessment of the expected landslide losses in a 50-year time period .
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-101
JournalNatural hazards
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2016


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