Geometric reduction of dynamical nonlocality in nanoscale quantum circuits

Elia Strambini, K.S. Makarenko, K.S. Makarenko, G. Abulizi, Machiel Pieter de Jong, Wilfred Gerard van der Wiel

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    Abstract

    Nonlocality is a key feature discriminating quantum and classical physics. Quantum-interference phenomena, such as Young’s double slit experiment, are one of the clearest manifestations of nonlocality, recently addressed as dynamical to specify its origin in the quantum equations of motion. It is well known that loss of dynamical nonlocality can occur due to (partial) collapse of the wavefunction due to a measurement, such as which-path detection. However, alternative mechanisms affecting dynamical nonlocality have hardly been considered, although of crucial importance in many schemes for quantum information processing. Here, we present a fundamentally different pathway of losing dynamical nonlocality, demonstrating that the detailed geometry of the detection scheme is crucial to preserve nonlocality. By means of a solid-state quantum-interference experiment we quantify this effect in a diffusive system. We show that interference is not only affected by decoherence, but also by a loss of dynamical nonlocality based on a local reduction of the number of quantum conduction channels of the interferometer. With our measurements and theoretical model we demonstrate that this mechanism is an intrinsic property of quantum dynamics. Understanding the geometrical constraints protecting nonlocality is crucial when designing quantum networks for quantum information processing.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number18827
    Number of pages6
    JournalScientific reports
    Volume6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2016

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    Keywords

    • EWI-26779
    • IR-99345
    • METIS-315583

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