Glottic patency during noninvasive ventilation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Eline Mos-Oppersma*, Jonne Doorduin, P.J. Gooskens, Lisanne H. Roesthuis, E.H.F.M. van der Heijden, Johannes G. van der Hoeven, Petrus H. Veltink, Leo M.A. Heunks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
63 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract


Background

Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) provides ventilatory support for patients with respiratory failure. However, the glottis can act as a closing valve, limiting effectiveness of NIV. This study investigates the patency of the glottis during NIV in patients with acute exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).


Methods

Electrical activity of the diaphragm, flow, pressure and videolaryngoscopy were acquired. NIV was randomly applied in pressure support (PSV) and neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) mode with two levels of support. The angle formed by the vocal cords represented glottis patency.


Results

Eight COPD patients with acute exacerbation requiring NIV were included. No differences were found in median glottis angle during inspiration or peak inspiratory effort between PSV and NAVA at low and high support levels.


Conclusions

The present study showed that glottis patency during inspiration in patients with an acute exacerbation of COPD is not affected by mode (PSV or NAVA) or level of assist (5 or 15 cm H2O) during NIV.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-57
Number of pages5
JournalRespiratory Physiology and Neurobiology
Volume259
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Noninvasive ventilation
  • Upper airway patency
  • Video laryngoscopy
  • Glottis

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    Mos-Oppersma, E., Doorduin, J., Gooskens, P. J., Roesthuis, L. H., van der Heijden, E. H. F. M., van der Hoeven, J. G., ... Heunks, L. M. A. (2019). Glottic patency during noninvasive ventilation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, 259, 53-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resp.2018.07.006