Governance Assessment of Community-Based Waste Reduction Program in Makassar

Michael Denny Latanna*, Budhi Gunawan, María Laura Franco-García, Hans Bressers

*Corresponding author for this work

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Indonesia’s government anticipates waste problems by managing them through a large number of waste reduction programs. From a governance perspective in Indonesia, it is known that actors from diverse governmental levels and across sectors are involved in waste management, and their involvement largely depends on their institutional goals and problems. Hence, they are expected to coherently collaborate by developing and implementing sustainable instruments and resources for improving waste management problems. However, it is necessary to understand how supportive or restrictive the governance of waste reduction programs is to encourage successful trash reduction. This study was designed to evaluate and examine the application of community-based solid waste management (CBSWM) in Makassar. In this research, the Governance Assessment Tool (GAT) was applied to analyze the governance context of the waste reduction programs in Makassar qualitatively. In the assessment, contexts can be described as either supportive or restrictive of the processes of implementing public policies on waste management. As a result of such an assessment, this study shed light on some opportunities to improve the governance of waste management implementation’s impact on reducing waste in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The conclusion of this study is that the most important actors are affiliated with the local government and the community. Moreover, this study shows that the assessment of contextual governance is that it is predominantly restrictive.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14371
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sept 2023


  • community-based solid waste management (CBSWM)
  • Governance Assessment Tool (GAT)
  • waste bank
  • waste management


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