Government Formation and Strategic Voting in Multi-Party Systems: Voting for Coalitions in the Netherlands

Hanna Bäck, Martin Rosema

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

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    Abstract

    Voters may have different strategic reasons to vote for a party that is not their
    favourite. The best known form of strategic voting takes place in majoritarian
    electoral systems, where citizens may decide to not waste their vote by
    supporting a candidate that has no chance of winning the seat. This incentive to
    vote strategically is absent in proportional systems with large district
    magnitude. We argue that in multi-party systems another form of strategic
    voting takes place, as considerations about future coalitions may also stimulate
    citizens to vote strategically. We analyse this for Netherlands on the basis of
    the Dutch Parliamentary Election Study 2006, which contained a novel series
    of survey items aimed at identifying such considerations. The results suggest
    that Dutch voters did indeed vote strategically on the basis of their preferences
    for the future coalition. Voters’ estimates of the probability that particular
    coalitions would form, on the other hand, had virtually no impact.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages25
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2008
    Event58th PSA Annual Conference 2008 - University of Swansea, Swansea, United Kingdom
    Duration: 1 Apr 20083 Apr 2008
    Conference number: 58

    Conference

    Conference58th PSA Annual Conference 2008
    CountryUnited Kingdom
    CitySwansea
    Period1/04/083/04/08

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    multi-party system
    voting
    coalition
    voter
    Netherlands
    election research
    parliamentary election
    candidacy
    incentive
    citizen

    Cite this

    Bäck, H., & Rosema, M. (2008). Government Formation and Strategic Voting in Multi-Party Systems: Voting for Coalitions in the Netherlands. Paper presented at 58th PSA Annual Conference 2008, Swansea, United Kingdom.
    Bäck, Hanna ; Rosema, Martin. / Government Formation and Strategic Voting in Multi-Party Systems : Voting for Coalitions in the Netherlands. Paper presented at 58th PSA Annual Conference 2008, Swansea, United Kingdom.25 p.
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    title = "Government Formation and Strategic Voting in Multi-Party Systems: Voting for Coalitions in the Netherlands",
    abstract = "Voters may have different strategic reasons to vote for a party that is not theirfavourite. The best known form of strategic voting takes place in majoritarianelectoral systems, where citizens may decide to not waste their vote bysupporting a candidate that has no chance of winning the seat. This incentive tovote strategically is absent in proportional systems with large districtmagnitude. We argue that in multi-party systems another form of strategicvoting takes place, as considerations about future coalitions may also stimulatecitizens to vote strategically. We analyse this for Netherlands on the basis ofthe Dutch Parliamentary Election Study 2006, which contained a novel seriesof survey items aimed at identifying such considerations. The results suggestthat Dutch voters did indeed vote strategically on the basis of their preferencesfor the future coalition. Voters’ estimates of the probability that particularcoalitions would form, on the other hand, had virtually no impact.",
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    Bäck, H & Rosema, M 2008, 'Government Formation and Strategic Voting in Multi-Party Systems: Voting for Coalitions in the Netherlands' Paper presented at 58th PSA Annual Conference 2008, Swansea, United Kingdom, 1/04/08 - 3/04/08, .

    Government Formation and Strategic Voting in Multi-Party Systems : Voting for Coalitions in the Netherlands. / Bäck, Hanna; Rosema, Martin.

    2008. Paper presented at 58th PSA Annual Conference 2008, Swansea, United Kingdom.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Government Formation and Strategic Voting in Multi-Party Systems

    T2 - Voting for Coalitions in the Netherlands

    AU - Bäck, Hanna

    AU - Rosema, Martin

    PY - 2008/4/1

    Y1 - 2008/4/1

    N2 - Voters may have different strategic reasons to vote for a party that is not theirfavourite. The best known form of strategic voting takes place in majoritarianelectoral systems, where citizens may decide to not waste their vote bysupporting a candidate that has no chance of winning the seat. This incentive tovote strategically is absent in proportional systems with large districtmagnitude. We argue that in multi-party systems another form of strategicvoting takes place, as considerations about future coalitions may also stimulatecitizens to vote strategically. We analyse this for Netherlands on the basis ofthe Dutch Parliamentary Election Study 2006, which contained a novel seriesof survey items aimed at identifying such considerations. The results suggestthat Dutch voters did indeed vote strategically on the basis of their preferencesfor the future coalition. Voters’ estimates of the probability that particularcoalitions would form, on the other hand, had virtually no impact.

    AB - Voters may have different strategic reasons to vote for a party that is not theirfavourite. The best known form of strategic voting takes place in majoritarianelectoral systems, where citizens may decide to not waste their vote bysupporting a candidate that has no chance of winning the seat. This incentive tovote strategically is absent in proportional systems with large districtmagnitude. We argue that in multi-party systems another form of strategicvoting takes place, as considerations about future coalitions may also stimulatecitizens to vote strategically. We analyse this for Netherlands on the basis ofthe Dutch Parliamentary Election Study 2006, which contained a novel seriesof survey items aimed at identifying such considerations. The results suggestthat Dutch voters did indeed vote strategically on the basis of their preferencesfor the future coalition. Voters’ estimates of the probability that particularcoalitions would form, on the other hand, had virtually no impact.

    M3 - Paper

    ER -

    Bäck H, Rosema M. Government Formation and Strategic Voting in Multi-Party Systems: Voting for Coalitions in the Netherlands. 2008. Paper presented at 58th PSA Annual Conference 2008, Swansea, United Kingdom.