E. Balla, Georgia Giannakourou

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Greece has the longest coastline of all states on the Mediterranean Sea and the third longest coastline of the countries in this book – after Australia and the USA. Given their attractiveness for a range of uses, Greek coastal areas have increasingly been subject to intensive pressures from human activities, including tourism, recreation, vacation homes, fisheries and aquaculture. These pressures threaten coastal ecosystems and natural resources, while also generating conflicts between incompatible land uses. The sheer length of Greece’s
coastline, together with its centralized system of governance and a fragile economy, have challenged coastal zone management. Greece has not yet ratified the Mediterranean Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) Protocol and its coastal setback falls short of the standard set by that document. In addition, authorities must contend with past widespread illegal development. More recently, various measures taken during the economic crisis period (2010-
2018) in order to boost the Greek economy have added additional layers of complexity. This chapter delves into these challenges at a time when the Greek public is gradually becoming more aware of the value of the coastal area as both an environmental and economic resource.
The Greek regulatory context changes relatively rapidly. This chapter presents the state of play and data to August 2018.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRegulating Coastal Zones
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Perspectives on Land Management Instruments
EditorsRachelle Alterman, Cygal Pellach
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9780429432699
ISBN (Print)9781138361553
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Publication series

NameUrban Planning and Environment



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