Green Diesel from Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil Process Design Study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A systematic approach was applied to study the process of hydrotreating vegetable oils. During the three phases of conceptual, detailed, and final design, unit operations were designed and sized. Modeling of the process was performed with UniSim Design®. Producing green diesel and jet fuel from vegetable oils was found to be technically possible via a flexible process of hydrotreatment. The resulting mass and energy balances indicated high carbon atom and energy yield. An economic evaluation proved that the operational expenses mainly depend on the cost of raw materials. Currently, the margin between crude palm oil and the retail diesel price is too low to operate an economically viable process. However, production and utilization of biofuels is required by international regulations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-657
Number of pages7
JournalChemical engineering and technology
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Plant Oils
Vegetable oils
Process design
Palm oil
Biofuels
Jet fuel
Diesel fuels
Energy balance
Raw materials
Carbon
Atoms
Economics
Costs
palm oil

Keywords

  • IR-97396
  • METIS-311290

Cite this

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title = "Green Diesel from Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil Process Design Study",
abstract = "A systematic approach was applied to study the process of hydrotreating vegetable oils. During the three phases of conceptual, detailed, and final design, unit operations were designed and sized. Modeling of the process was performed with UniSim Design{\circledR}. Producing green diesel and jet fuel from vegetable oils was found to be technically possible via a flexible process of hydrotreatment. The resulting mass and energy balances indicated high carbon atom and energy yield. An economic evaluation proved that the operational expenses mainly depend on the cost of raw materials. Currently, the margin between crude palm oil and the retail diesel price is too low to operate an economically viable process. However, production and utilization of biofuels is required by international regulations.",
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author = "T.J. Hilbers and Sprakel, {Lisette Maria Johanna} and {van den Enk}, L.B.J. and B. Zaalberg and {van den Berg}, Henderikus and {van der Ham}, {Aloysius G.J.}",
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Green Diesel from Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil Process Design Study. / Hilbers, T.J.; Sprakel, Lisette Maria Johanna; van den Enk, L.B.J.; Zaalberg, B.; van den Berg, Henderikus; van der Ham, Aloysius G.J.

In: Chemical engineering and technology, Vol. 38, No. 4, 2015, p. 651-657.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Green Diesel from Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil Process Design Study

AU - Hilbers, T.J.

AU - Sprakel, Lisette Maria Johanna

AU - van den Enk, L.B.J.

AU - Zaalberg, B.

AU - van den Berg, Henderikus

AU - van der Ham, Aloysius G.J.

N1 - Special Issue: CHISA: 21st International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - A systematic approach was applied to study the process of hydrotreating vegetable oils. During the three phases of conceptual, detailed, and final design, unit operations were designed and sized. Modeling of the process was performed with UniSim Design®. Producing green diesel and jet fuel from vegetable oils was found to be technically possible via a flexible process of hydrotreatment. The resulting mass and energy balances indicated high carbon atom and energy yield. An economic evaluation proved that the operational expenses mainly depend on the cost of raw materials. Currently, the margin between crude palm oil and the retail diesel price is too low to operate an economically viable process. However, production and utilization of biofuels is required by international regulations.

AB - A systematic approach was applied to study the process of hydrotreating vegetable oils. During the three phases of conceptual, detailed, and final design, unit operations were designed and sized. Modeling of the process was performed with UniSim Design®. Producing green diesel and jet fuel from vegetable oils was found to be technically possible via a flexible process of hydrotreatment. The resulting mass and energy balances indicated high carbon atom and energy yield. An economic evaluation proved that the operational expenses mainly depend on the cost of raw materials. Currently, the margin between crude palm oil and the retail diesel price is too low to operate an economically viable process. However, production and utilization of biofuels is required by international regulations.

KW - IR-97396

KW - METIS-311290

U2 - 10.1002/ceat.201400648

DO - 10.1002/ceat.201400648

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SP - 651

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JO - Chemical engineering and technology

JF - Chemical engineering and technology

SN - 0930-7516

IS - 4

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