We study the effects of random nonmagnetic impurities on the superconducting transition temperature Tc in a two-band superconductor, where we assume an equal-time spin-singlet s-wave pair potential in each conduction band and the hybridization between the two bands as well as the band asymmetry. In the clean limit, the phase of hybridization determines the stability of two states, called s++ and s+-. The interband impurity scatterings decrease Tc of the two states exactly in the same manner when time-reversal symmetry is preserved in the Hamiltonian. We find that a superconductor with larger hybridization shows more moderate suppression of Tc. This effect can be explained by the presence of odd-frequency Cooper pairs, which are generated by the band hybridization in the clean limit and are broken by impurities.
|Journal||Physical review B: Covering condensed matter and materials physics|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Jun 2018|