Growing a LaAlO3/SrTiO3 heterostructure on Ca2Nb3O10 nanosheets

Alexander J.H. van der Torren, Huiyu Yuan, Zhaoliang Liao, Johan E. ten Elshof, Gertjan Koster, Mark Huijben, Guus J.H.M. Rijnders, Marcel B.S. Hesselberth, Johannes Jobst, Sense van der Molen*, Jan Aarts*

*Corresponding author for this work

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The two-dimensional electron liquid which forms between the band insulators LaAlO3 (LAO) and SrTiO3 (STO) is a promising component for oxide electronics, but the requirement of using single crystal SrTiO3 substrates for the growth limits its applications in terms of device fabrication. It is therefore important to find ways to deposit these materials on other substrates, preferably Si, or Si-based, in order to facilitate integration with existing technology. Interesting candidates are micron-sized nanosheets of Ca2Nb3O10 which can be used as seed layers for perovskite materials on any substrate. We have used low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM) with in-situ pulsed laser deposition to study the subsequent growth of STO and LAO on such flakes which were deposited on Si. We can follow the morphology and crystallinity of the layers during growth, as well as fingerprint their electronic properties with angle resolved reflected electron spectroscopy. We find that STO layers, deposited on the nanosheets, can be made crystalline and flat; that LAO can be grown in a layer-by-layer fashion; and that the full heterostructure shows the signature of the formation of a conducting interface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17617
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2019


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