Guided-Acoustic Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Silicon Nitride Photonic Circuits

R.A. Botter, Kaixuan Ye, Yvan Klaver, Radius Nagassa Setyo Surya Dharma, O.F.P. Daulay, Gaojian Liu, J. van den Hoogen, Lou Kanger, P.J.M. van der Slot, Edwin J. Klein, Marcel Hoekman, Chris G.H. Roeloffzen, Yang Liu, David Marpaung

Research output: Working paperPreprintAcademic

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Coherent optomechanical interaction between acoustic and optical waves known as stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) can enable ultra-high resolution signal processing and narrow linewidth lasers important for next generation wireless communications, precision sensing, and quantum information processing. While SBS has recently been studied extensively in integrated waveguides, many implementations rely on complicated fabrication schemes, using suspended waveguides, or non-standard materials such as As$_2$S$_3$. The absence of SBS in standard and mature fabrication platforms prevents large-scale circuit integration and severely limits the potential of this technology. Notably, SBS in standard silicon nitride integration platform is currently rendered out of reach due to the lack of acoustic guiding and the infinitesimal photo-elastic response of the material. In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate advanced control of backward SBS in multilayer silicon nitride waveguides. By optimizing the separation between two silicon nitride layers, we unlock gigahertz acoustic waveguiding in this platform for the first time, leading up to 15 $\times$ higher SBS gain coefficient than previously possible in silicon nitride waveguides. Using the same principle, we experimentally demonstrate on-demand inhibition of SBS by preventing acoustic guiding in the waveguide platform. We utilize the enhanced SBS gain to demonstrate a microwave photonic notch filter with high rejection (30 dB). We accomplish this in a low-loss, standard, and versatile silicon nitride integration platform without the need of suspending the SBS-active waveguide or hybrid integration with other materials.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021


  • physics.optics


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