Hamiltonian formulation of distributed-parameter systems with boundary energy flow

Arjan van der Schaft, B.M. Maschke

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    293 Citations (Scopus)


    A Hamiltonian formulation of classes of distributed-parameter systems is presented, which incorporates the energy flow through the boundary of the spatial domain of the system, and which allows to represent the system as a boundary control Hamiltonian system. The system is Hamiltonian with respect to an infinite-dimensional Dirac structure associated with the exterior derivative and based on Stokes' theorem. The theory is applied to the telegraph equations for an ideal transmission line, Maxwell's equations on a bounded domain with non-zero Poynting vector at its boundary, and a vibrating string with traction forces at its ends. Furthermore, the framework is extended to cover Euler's equations for an ideal fluid on a domain with permeable boundary. Finally, some properties of the Stokes-Dirac structure are investigated, including the analysis of conservation laws.
    Original languageUndefined
    Article number10.1016/S0393-0440(01)00083-3
    Pages (from-to)166-194
    Number of pages29
    JournalJournal of geometry and physics
    Issue number1-2
    Publication statusPublished - May 2002


    • Stokes theorem
    • EWI-16720
    • METIS-211061
    • Boundary variables
    • Conservation laws
    • IR-69115
    • Distributed-parameter systems
    • Hamiltonian systems
    • Dirac structures

    Cite this