Heat and mass transfer during levitation of a liquid nitrogen Leidenfrost droplet on a water pool

Zhuo Zhang, Rick Maria Alfonsius Spijkers, Markus Schremb, S. Vanapalli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleAcademicpeer-review

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The understanding of cryogenic droplets evaporating on a liquid surface is of great interest in many industrial applications such as the Dearman engine, or food and beverage processing. However, due to the complexity of the physics involved, the entire process is far from being fully understood. Therefore, in the present study, the dynamics of a liquid nitrogen droplet deposited on a water surface is experimentally studied and theoretically modeled. During continuous cooling through the floating nitrogen droplet, the liquid at the pool surface may
eventually solidify, which may significantly alters the situation for the evaporating droplet compared to the situation in which the pool remains liquid for the entire time. A crude theoretical model for the evaporation process of a floating nitrogen droplet is developed to calculate the vaporization rate of the droplet and the vapor layer thickness as a function of the radius of the droplet. The predictions from the model are compared to the experimental results, showing the lifetime predicted by the model is in good agreement with the experimental results.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012157
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventCryogenic Engineering Conference & International Cryogenic Materials Conference, CEC/ICMC 2021 - Virtual Event
Duration: 19 Jul 202123 Jul 2021


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