Heat Transfer Analysis of MgB2 Coil in Heat Treatment Process for Future Fusion Reactor

Weijun Wang, Yongsheng Wu*, Yuxiang He, Peng Gao, Arend Nijhuis, Jinggang Qin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)


State of the art MgB2 is reviewed as a potential material for the poloidal field (PF) coils of the future fusion reactor due to its high critical temperature and low material cost. The heat treatment process is a crucial step in the development of MgB2 magnets. The temperature lag in heat treatment of large magnets can lead to insufficient thermal reaction time. It may be infeasible to control the temperature of a magnet according to the heat treatment scheme recommended for the MgB2 wire. Hence, the heat treatment process of a large magnet needs to be evaluated. Therefore, the dynamic temperature distribution of a MgB2 PF coil is obtained by simulating the heat transfer in heat treatment process. A suitable heat treatment schedule for a large magnet is proposed and the experimental results of a sub-size Cable-In-Conduit Conductor manufactured with MgB2 strand confirmed the feasibility of the newly proposed heat treatment process. The results provide a reference for the heat treatment method of a future larger MgB2 coil.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4200605
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE transactions on applied superconductivity
Issue number5
Early online date10 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • cable-in-conduit conductor (CICC)
  • Fusion
  • heat treatment
  • MgB-2
  • PF coil
  • 2023 OA procedure


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