Heat transport enhancement in confined Rayleigh-Bénard convection feels the shape of the container

Robert Hartmann*, Kai Leong Chong, Richard J. A. M. Stevens, Roberto Verzicco, Detlef Lohse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
39 Downloads (Pure)


Moderate spatial confinement enhances the heat transfer in turbulent Rayleigh-Bénard (RB) convection [Chong et al., PRL 115, 264503 (2015)]. Here, by performing direct numerical simulations, we answer the question how the shape of the RB cell affects this enhancement. We compare three different geometries: a box with rectangular base (i.e., stronger confined in one horizontal direction), a box with square base (i.e., equally confined in both horizontal directions), and a cylinder (i.e., symmetrically confined in the radial direction). In all cases the confinement can be described by the same confinement parameter Γ-1, given as height-over-width aspect ratio. The explored parameter range is 1≤Γ-1≤64, 107≤Ra≤1010 for the Rayleigh number, and a Prandtl number of Pr=4.38. We find that both the optimal confinement parameter Γ-1opt for maximal heat transfer and the actual heat transfer enhancement strongly depend on the cell geometry. The differences can be explained by the formation of different vertically-coherent flow structures within the specific geometries. The enhancement is largest in the cylindrical cell, owing to the formation of a domain-spanning flow structure at the optimal confinement parameter Γ-1opt.
Original languageEnglish
Article number24004
JournalEurophysics letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sept 2021


  • turbulence
  • heat transfer
  • direct numerical simulation
  • rotation
  • computational fluid dynamics
  • fluid mechanics
  • fluid dynamics
  • thermal convection
  • UT-Hybrid-D


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