Recently we have shown that the single positive deflection in the checkerboard onset evoked potential (EP) of young children of striate origin develops into a negative-positive complex. However, also an early positive peak becomes apparent in the checkerboard onset EP. To determine the origin and development of the activity underlying this early positive deflection we studied the checkerboard onset EPs in children of 9¿16 years of age. It was found that for the children in this age group two different dipole sources are responsible for the activity underlying the pattern onset EP. One of the dipoles corresponds to the activity generated in the striate cortex, whereas a second dipole of extrastriate origin is responsible for the appearance of the early positive deflection. This extrastriate activity shows hemispheric asymmetry, i.e. the strength of the right hemispheric extrastriate source exceeds the strength of the left hemispheric source. These results are in accordance with histological studies of Conel (1939¿1963) [The postnatal development of the human cerebral cortex (Vols 1¿8). Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press] which show that the maturation of the extrastriate areas of the left hemisphere is delayed with respect to the right hemisphere.