In this article we stop to consider briefly the role of government and the possibilities open to government when it comes to the matter of actively dealing with the technological innovations. Strangely enough, it is not so much innovation that is lacking in the traffic and transport field but rather, good market introduction. If the government is also to effect its policy objectives through technological innovation then one might immediately ask how this instrument is to be employed. Furthermore, what are these innovations, how may their effectiveness be assessed and how can society (consumer and industry) arrive at an effective supply and demand market balance where new innovation is concerned? A simple model is presented that is intended to provide a clearer understanding of the innovation process and of the ordering of the forces of players therein. We will then go on to explain where the government stands in all of this and to indicate what stance the government could take. We will then explore in detail the two major roles which always are, or at least should be, fulfilled namely the role of technology as a monitor and as an experimenter. We shall also consider the innovations which predominantly optimise the current traffic and transport systems and make them more efficient and we shall examine innovations that alter the structure of the traffic and transport system. Both these facets are of importance, the first to - particularly in the short-term - alleviate environmental and safety problems and the second to - notably in the long-term - control the accessibility and congestion problem. Finally, we shall draw conclusions on the lessons to be learnt from this where traffic and transport innovation processes is concerned.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Tijdschrift voor vervoerswetenschap|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|