Since 1965 the number of transistors on a single integrated circuit (IC) forminimum component costs has been almost doubling each 18 months, a phenomenon which is known as Moore’s law. The most advanced ICs contain more than a billion transistors and the line-width used in the next generation CMOS-processes is 32 nm. It is expected that in the coming decade the exponential increase in complexity will start saturating because we are approaching fundamental limits, and new approaches are being explored to push the development further after the saturation of conventional microelectronic technology. Instead of electrical interconnects, optical integration is suggested to be used in microelectronics. Furthermore, silicon nowadays remains the first material for IC technology. Meanwhile, a compact high-speed efficient silicon light source being suitable for on-chip integration process is still missing. The aim of this research is to investigate this missing component. This dissertation presents an exploration on infrared-light emitting probability in silicon light emitting devices (Si-LEDs) with new approaches to improve the routinely low emission efficiency of silicon. It starts with a theoretical calculation of the possible internal quantum efficiency in bulk-Si LEDs and SOI-LEDs, after that a model for calculating the relationship between internal and external efficiencies is introduced. Following that the experimentally achieved results from our realized LED structures implementing the theoretical predictions are exhibited subsequently.
|Award date||28 Sep 2007|
|Place of Publication||Zutphen Netherlands|
|Publication status||Published - 28 Sep 2007|
- SC-SBLE: Silicon-based Light Emitters