High force 10 kN piezoresistive silicon force sensor with output independent of force distribution

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Abstract

A 10 kN silicon force sensor is realized in which the force is measured by compressing a meander shaped polysilicon strain gage. A second gage which is not loaded, is used for temperature compensation, for compensation of bending and stretching stresses in the chip and for common changes in zero load resistor values. It is shown that the output of the bridge is a linear function of the force and is independent of the force distribution on the chip. By measuring the resistance change along both gages, the force distribution on the chip can be determined so that it can be detected whether the sensor has an oblique load or not. The production process of the chip is simple and robust. A package is designed to apply the load. Hysteresis experiments are performed at four temperatures between 25 °C and 47 °C. Hysteresis measurements at room temperature are in close agreement with finite element calculations. The maximum hysteresis error is within &plusmn0.14% of the full-scale output (fso). Creep was tested by loading it five times. It follows that creep is smaller than 0.01% of the fso. The total error including interpolation error is within &plusmn0.23%.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsEric Peeters, Oliver Paul
Place of PublicationBellingham, WA, USA
PublisherSPIE
Pages47-58
Number of pages12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sep 2000

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
PublisherSPIE
Volume4176
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Keywords

  • EWI-12919
  • IR-16246
  • METIS-113131

Cite this

Zwijze, A. F., Wiegerink, R. J., Krijnen, G. J. M., Berenschot, J. W., de Boer, M. J., & Elwenspoek, M. C. (2000). High force 10 kN piezoresistive silicon force sensor with output independent of force distribution. In E. Peeters, & O. Paul (Eds.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (pp. 47-58). (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 4176). Bellingham, WA, USA: SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.395640
Zwijze, A.F. ; Wiegerink, Remco J. ; Krijnen, Gijsbertus J.M. ; Berenschot, Johan W. ; de Boer, Meint J. ; Elwenspoek, Michael Curt. / High force 10 kN piezoresistive silicon force sensor with output independent of force distribution. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. editor / Eric Peeters ; Oliver Paul. Bellingham, WA, USA : SPIE, 2000. pp. 47-58 (Proceedings of SPIE).
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title = "High force 10 kN piezoresistive silicon force sensor with output independent of force distribution",
abstract = "A 10 kN silicon force sensor is realized in which the force is measured by compressing a meander shaped polysilicon strain gage. A second gage which is not loaded, is used for temperature compensation, for compensation of bending and stretching stresses in the chip and for common changes in zero load resistor values. It is shown that the output of the bridge is a linear function of the force and is independent of the force distribution on the chip. By measuring the resistance change along both gages, the force distribution on the chip can be determined so that it can be detected whether the sensor has an oblique load or not. The production process of the chip is simple and robust. A package is designed to apply the load. Hysteresis experiments are performed at four temperatures between 25 °C and 47 °C. Hysteresis measurements at room temperature are in close agreement with finite element calculations. The maximum hysteresis error is within &plusmn0.14{\%} of the full-scale output (fso). Creep was tested by loading it five times. It follows that creep is smaller than 0.01{\%} of the fso. The total error including interpolation error is within &plusmn0.23{\%}.",
keywords = "EWI-12919, IR-16246, METIS-113131",
author = "A.F. Zwijze and Wiegerink, {Remco J.} and Krijnen, {Gijsbertus J.M.} and Berenschot, {Johan W.} and {de Boer}, {Meint J.} and Elwenspoek, {Michael Curt}",
year = "2000",
month = "9",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1117/12.395640",
language = "Undefined",
series = "Proceedings of SPIE",
publisher = "SPIE",
pages = "47--58",
editor = "Eric Peeters and Oliver Paul",
booktitle = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
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Zwijze, AF, Wiegerink, RJ, Krijnen, GJM, Berenschot, JW, de Boer, MJ & Elwenspoek, MC 2000, High force 10 kN piezoresistive silicon force sensor with output independent of force distribution. in E Peeters & O Paul (eds), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 4176, SPIE, Bellingham, WA, USA, pp. 47-58. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.395640

High force 10 kN piezoresistive silicon force sensor with output independent of force distribution. / Zwijze, A.F.; Wiegerink, Remco J.; Krijnen, Gijsbertus J.M.; Berenschot, Johan W.; de Boer, Meint J.; Elwenspoek, Michael Curt.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. ed. / Eric Peeters; Oliver Paul. Bellingham, WA, USA : SPIE, 2000. p. 47-58 (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 4176).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - High force 10 kN piezoresistive silicon force sensor with output independent of force distribution

AU - Zwijze, A.F.

AU - Wiegerink, Remco J.

AU - Krijnen, Gijsbertus J.M.

AU - Berenschot, Johan W.

AU - de Boer, Meint J.

AU - Elwenspoek, Michael Curt

PY - 2000/9/18

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N2 - A 10 kN silicon force sensor is realized in which the force is measured by compressing a meander shaped polysilicon strain gage. A second gage which is not loaded, is used for temperature compensation, for compensation of bending and stretching stresses in the chip and for common changes in zero load resistor values. It is shown that the output of the bridge is a linear function of the force and is independent of the force distribution on the chip. By measuring the resistance change along both gages, the force distribution on the chip can be determined so that it can be detected whether the sensor has an oblique load or not. The production process of the chip is simple and robust. A package is designed to apply the load. Hysteresis experiments are performed at four temperatures between 25 °C and 47 °C. Hysteresis measurements at room temperature are in close agreement with finite element calculations. The maximum hysteresis error is within &plusmn0.14% of the full-scale output (fso). Creep was tested by loading it five times. It follows that creep is smaller than 0.01% of the fso. The total error including interpolation error is within &plusmn0.23%.

AB - A 10 kN silicon force sensor is realized in which the force is measured by compressing a meander shaped polysilicon strain gage. A second gage which is not loaded, is used for temperature compensation, for compensation of bending and stretching stresses in the chip and for common changes in zero load resistor values. It is shown that the output of the bridge is a linear function of the force and is independent of the force distribution on the chip. By measuring the resistance change along both gages, the force distribution on the chip can be determined so that it can be detected whether the sensor has an oblique load or not. The production process of the chip is simple and robust. A package is designed to apply the load. Hysteresis experiments are performed at four temperatures between 25 °C and 47 °C. Hysteresis measurements at room temperature are in close agreement with finite element calculations. The maximum hysteresis error is within &plusmn0.14% of the full-scale output (fso). Creep was tested by loading it five times. It follows that creep is smaller than 0.01% of the fso. The total error including interpolation error is within &plusmn0.23%.

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KW - IR-16246

KW - METIS-113131

U2 - 10.1117/12.395640

DO - 10.1117/12.395640

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE

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EP - 58

BT - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

A2 - Peeters, Eric

A2 - Paul, Oliver

PB - SPIE

CY - Bellingham, WA, USA

ER -

Zwijze AF, Wiegerink RJ, Krijnen GJM, Berenschot JW, de Boer MJ, Elwenspoek MC. High force 10 kN piezoresistive silicon force sensor with output independent of force distribution. In Peeters E, Paul O, editors, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Bellingham, WA, USA: SPIE. 2000. p. 47-58. (Proceedings of SPIE). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.395640