High-Gain Al2O3:Nd3+ Integrated Waveguide Amplifiers

J. Yang, Koop van Dalfsen, Kerstin Worhoff, F. Ay, Markus Pollnau

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    Amorphous aluminium oxide is an excellent host material for rareearth ions. Its low loss and large refractive index allow for the realization of compact integrated optical devices. Recently, we demonstrated 170 Gbit/s data amplification at 1.5 μm in Al2O3:Er3+. Here Al2O3 is used as the host material for Nd3+. The layers are reactively co-sputtered onto thermally oxidized 10-cm Si wafers, thus enabling compatibility with standard silicon technology. Single-mode channel waveguides with 600-nm thickness and various widths are fabricated. Under pumping with an 800-nm laser diode, small-signal gain at 880 nm, 1064 nm and 1330 nm of 1.57 dB/cm, 6.30 dB/cm and 1.93 dB/cm, respectively, is demonstrated for individually optimized Nd3+ concentrations. A maximum gain of 3.0 dB, 14.4 dB and 5.1 dB, respectively, is measured. Energy-transfer upconversion of Nd3+ ions in Al2O3 is studied as a loss mechanism. Furthermore, use of the amplifiers in polymer optical backplanes embedded within printed circuit boards is investigated. Pump light at 800 nm and signal light at 880 nm were directly coupled from a polymer waveguide into 3 μm-thick Al2O3:Nd3+ waveguides, with the width tapered down from 8 μm to 1.5-2.5 μm to increase the pump intensity. Internal net gain of 0.42 dB was demonstrated for an amplifier coupled to a polymer optical backplane, providing a potential solution for compensating loss and achieving loss-less data transmission in optical interconnects.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationSymposium K: Rare earth doped materials for optical based technologies
    Place of PublicationStrasbourg
    PublisherEuropean Materials Research Society (E-MRS)
    Number of pages1
    ISBN (Print)not assigned
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2010
    EventRare earth doped materials for optical based technologies 2010 (Symposium K of the 2010 EMRS Spring Meeting) - Strasbourg, France
    Duration: 7 Jun 201011 Jun 2010

    Publication series

    NameE-MRS 2010 Spring Meeting
    PublisherEuropean Materials Research Society (E-MRS)


    ConferenceRare earth doped materials for optical based technologies 2010 (Symposium K of the 2010 EMRS Spring Meeting)


    • METIS-276711
    • Integrated Optics
    • Neodymium
    • Aluminum oxide
    • IOMS-APD: Active Photonic Devices
    • EWI-18463
    • optical amplification
    • optical backplanes
    • IR-73231

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