High oxygen ion conduction in sintered oxides of the Bi2O3-Er2O3 system

M.J. Verkerk, K. Keizer, A.J. Burggraaf

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The phase diagram of the Bi2O3-Er2O3 system was investigated. A monophasic f c c structure was stabilized for samples containing 17.5–45.5 mol% Er2O3. Above and below this concentration range polyphasic regions appear. The f c c phase showed high oxygen ion conduction. The ionic transference number is equal to one for specimens containing 30 mol% Er2O3 or less, while an electronic component is introduced at low temperatures for specimens containing 40–60 mol% Er2O3. Between 673 K and 873 K a maximum in the conductivity was found at 20 mol% Er2O3. (Bi2O3)0.8.(Er2O3)0.20 is found to be the best oxygen ion conductor so far known. The conductivity at 773 K and 973 K is 2.3 Ω−1m−1 and 37 Ω−1 m−1 respectively. These values are 2–3 times higher than the best oxygen ion conductor reported for substituted Bi2O3 systems and 50–100 times higher than those of stabilized zirconia (ZrO2)0.915(Y2O3)0.085 at corresponding temperatures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-90
JournalJournal of applied electrochemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1980


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