High-Performance Wideband Horn Antenna for Direction Finding Arrays

Saeed Manshari, Slawomir Koziel, Leifur Leiffson, Andrés Alayón Glazunov

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In this paper, a structure and design procedure of a novel double ridged horn antenna with a Gaussian amplitude radiation pattern and stable phase center for two-element direction finding arrays is presented. The radiation properties of the structure are improved through appropriate profiling of the ridge taper and utilization of an elliptical aperture. Furthermore, rigorous numerical optimization is employed to adjust the antenna geometry parameter values. The achieved impedance bandwidth (VSWR < 2) is from 1.5 GHz to 12 GHz (8:1). The antenna exhibits 7 dBi to 20 dBi gain, better than 85% aperture efficiency, > 10 dB side lobe level, as well as low phase center variation (< 5 cm over the operating band). The aforementioned features make the proposed antenna suitable for the amplitude and phase hybrid direction finding applications. The design is validated numerically in CST Microwave Studio.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication14th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EuCAP 2020
ISBN (Electronic)9788831299008
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2020
Event14th European Conference on Antennnas and Propagation, EuCAP 2020 - Online Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 15 Mar 202020 Mar 2020
Conference number: 14


Conference14th European Conference on Antennnas and Propagation, EuCAP 2020
Abbreviated titleEuCAP 2020


  • EM-driven design.
  • horn antennas
  • interferometry
  • phase center
  • wideband antennas
  • 22/2 OA procedure


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