Higher order Bragg diffraction by strongly photonic fcc crystals: Onset of a photonic bandgap

Willem L. Vos*, Henry M. Van Driel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have measured angle-resolved reflectivity of fcc photonic crystals made of air spheres in titania (TiO2), with lattice constants between 830 and 860 nm, that strongly interact with light. At normal incidence, we observe three new Bragg peaks at frequencies of 14800, 16700 and 18100 cm-1 in the range of 2nd order diffraction. The peak frequencies have negligible dispersion over more than 30°angular range, unlike usual Bragg diffraction. The number, center frequencies and angular range of the peaks agree well with stop gaps in photonic bandstructures, computed fora model wherein the TiO2 is distributed in shells about close-packed and interconnected air spheres. It appears that higher-order Bragg diffraction in strongly photonic crystals is caused by a complex coupling of many Bloch waves that results in dispersionless bands. The computed stop gaps persist for stronger photonic crystals with larger filling fraction or increased dielectric contrast. The 16700 cm-1 peak is the precursor of a complete photonic band gap. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-106
Number of pages6
JournalPhysics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics
Volume272
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2000
Externally publishedYes

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