Highly dispersed reduced graphene oxide and its hybrid complexes as effective additives for improving thermophysical property of heat transfer fluid

Mohd Nashrul Mohd Zubir, A. Badarudin, S.N. Kazi*, Nay Ming Huang, Misni Misran, Emad Sadeghinezhad, Mohammad Mehrali, Norazriena Yusoff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present research reported on the benign and facile preparation of highly stable reduced graphene oxide (RGO) and its role on enhancing the thermophysical properties of heat transfer liquid. Graphene oxide (GO) was prepared via chemical exfoliation route and subsequently reduced using tannic acid (TA) which served as natural based environmentally benign reducing agent. Further, a meticulous amount of different high purity carbon sources (i.e. multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT), carbon nanofiber (CNF) and graphene nanoplatelets (GnP)) was introduced to the RGO sheets aiming to extend the limits of its physicochemical properties for diverse applications. Results obtained led to the fact that GO was successfully reduced based on the material characterization evidences. Moreover, the addition of highly conjugated carbon structures on RGO has proven to be pivotal in promoting highly efficient thermal transport with minimal penalty on viscosity increment. It was believed that, similar to the previously documented electrical conductivity enhancement, the rise in thermal property was attributed to the modified structural network of RGO originating from the addition of different carbon allotropes which overlaid series of conducting paths for efficient phonon transport both in lateral and out of plane modes. As high as 25% increase in thermal conductivity was recorded with RGO-CNT complexes in comparison to base fluid (i.e. DI water) while a modest 4% rise in viscosity was proven to be insignificant. It was suggested from the results that morphological structure of the carbon based additives may play significant roles in different degree of enhancement of the hybrid materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-294
Number of pages11
JournalInternational journal of heat and mass transfer
Volume87
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon nanofiber and graphene
  • Carbon nanotube
  • Graphene oxide
  • Hybrid complexes
  • nanoplatelets
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Tannic acid
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Viscosity

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