Highly efficient diglycolamide-functionalized dendrimers for the sequestration of tetravalent actinides: solvent extraction and theoretical studies

Parveen K. Verma, Rajesh B. Gujar, Prasanta K. Mohapatra*, Sk Musharaf Ali, Andrea Leoncini, Jurriaan Huskens, Willem Verboom*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Two diglycolamide (DGA) functionalized poly(propylene imine)diaminobutane dendrimers, first generation (Gen I) and second generation (Gen II), termed asLIandLII, were used for the extraction of the tetravalent actinide ions Np4+and Pu4+from nitric acid medium. The metal ion extraction followed a ‘solvation’ type mechanism showing increasing metal ion extraction with increasing nitric acid concentration with species of the type: M(NO3)4·L (M = Np or Pu) with some contribution of M(NO3)4·2L for Pu. Pu4+formed much stronger complexes with both DGA-dendrimer ligands as compared with Np4+, as reflected in their two-phase extraction constants and higher ΔHvalues, attributed to its higher ionic potential. Binding of the metal ions was to one ‘DGA pocket’ in each of the dendrimers. The structure and bonding analysis was done on the basis of DFT studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9462-9471
Number of pages10
JournalNew journal of chemistry
Volume45
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2021

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