A series of four N-pivot tripodal diglycolamide (DGA) ligands, where three DGA moieties are attached to the central N atom via spacers of different lengths and with varying alkyl substituents on the amidic nitrogen of DGA (LI−LIV), were studied for their extraction and complexation ability toward trivalent lanthanide/actinide ions, including solvent extraction, complexation using spectrophotometric titrations, and luminescence spectroscopic studies. Introduction of a methyl group on the amidic nitrogen atom gives rise to a 400 fold increase of the Eu distribution (D) value [LIII (NMe) vs LII (NH)] at 1 M HNO3. Enlargement of the spacer length between the pivotal N atom and the DGA moieties with one carbon atom results in a 14 times higher DEu value [LI (C3) vs LII (C2)]. Slope analyses showed that Eu3+ was extracted as a bis-solvated species with all four ligands. The compositions of the Eu3+/L complexes were further confirmed by spectroscopic measurements, its formation constants following the order: LIII > LIV > LI > LII. Luminescence spectroscopy and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry revealed that all four ligands form [Eu(L)2(NO3)3] complexes. Density functional theory and thermodynamic parameters corroborated the existence of [Eu(L)2(NO3)3] complexes.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2019|
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